27 Different Croatian Plants (Including Photos)

Croatia is home to many gorgeous plants, which would be great additions to many different gardens. And these plants from Croatia are often super unique, which means you can personalize your landscaping perfectly. 

The Mediterranean planting style features lots of different species, including flowers. Still, the general theme of these plants is that they like to be in warm, sunny areas. So, when buying these species, it’s essential to do your research correctly. 

Finding the perfect plant for your balcony, patio, or sweeping garden can be challenging. But, buying the wrong one can cause you to waste money, which means that you won’t be able to rectify the gardening mistake! And, no one wants their dream outdoor space to become a nightmare.

To stop this from happening, we’ve come up with the following article. We’ve researched thoroughly about pretty Croatian plants, writing concise nuggets of information to entertain you. So, if you want some inspiration, read on!

1. Dubrovnik Cornflower (Centaurea Ragusina) 

Dubrovnik Cornflower Croatian Plants

This cornflower species produces bright yellow petals that reach skywards, brightening many dull flower borders. This Croatian plant is famous globally and can thrive in various different climates. 

2. The Bee Orchid (Ophrys Apifera) 

Croatian Plants

This bee orchid is native to the Croatian-Adriatic coastline, producing the pollinator markings below purple petals. Bee orchids are well-known plants in Croatia well-known, which can also be found in other countries.

3. Mediterranean Endemic Stinking Madder (Plocama Calabrica) 

Croatian Plants

This endemic Croatian plant is a true beauty, creating delicate light pink flowers over thick and luscious green foliage. It’s endemic to the Mediterranean region and in Croatia, Greece, Turkey, and Italy. 

4. Croatian Blue Rose (Centaurea Melitensis)

Croatian Blue Rose (Centaurea Melitensis)

This blue rose grows in the Dalmatian Hinterland, producing a vibrant sky-blue flower, making it a brilliant addition to many bouquets and gardens. This plant is a true favorite amongst Croatians and is very commonly found throughout the country.

5. llyric-Balkan Endemic Amethyst Meadow Squill (Chouardia Litardierei) 

Croatian Plants

This endemic Croatian plant is meadow squill growing in the rocky and sunny areas of the Dalmatian Hinterland. It’s a beloved wildflower amongst Croatians and is usually found throughout naturally beautiful regions of this country. 

6. Croatian Bellflower (Campanula Garganica) 

Croatian Plants

The Croatian bellflower (Campanula garganica) produces a beautiful blue flower, a symbol of Croatia and beautiful addition to many garden bouquets. This species originates from mountainous regions; it can thrive happily in rockeries and windy environments.

7. Euphorbia Dendroides 

Euphorbia Croatian Plants

This Euphorbia dendroides is a tree with beautifully bushy foliage, a famous Croatian plant. It’s a type of tree spurge that can grow well in many different climates, making it a favorite ornamental tree in many countries. 

8. Rosemary (Rosmarinus Officinalis) 

Croatian Plants

Rosemary is a popular plant in Croatia, producing beautiful blue flowers over thick and bushy green foliage. It’s a popular herb in many countries because it has many other uses and benefits, especially in the culinary industry. 

9. Asparagus (Asparagus Officinalis)

Croatian Plants

The Asparagus is a herbaceous perennial plant that produces beautiful green stalks that are a beloved vegetable in many countries. To enjoy this species, you can have it raw or cooked, making a delicious addition to some healthy salad dishes. 

10. Sideritis 

Croatian Plants

This is otherwise known as the mountain tea plant, famous globally for being a herbal health food to help the body produce antioxidants. This plant is a bush with beautiful flowers that make a delicious tea, enjoyed in many different countries.

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11. Dandelion 

Croatian Plants

The dandelion is a species of flowering plant known for its bright yellow flowers, which can be used to add to many dishes. Dandelions are seen all over Europe and can be placed in various dishes, including herbal teas. 

12. European Wild Ginger (Asarum Europaeum)

Croatian Plants

The European wild ginger is a type of perennial plant that produces beautiful bright orange flowers with a mature scent. This plant is well known to thrive in Croatia, and many people enjoy its unique aroma and delicious properties. 

13. Edelweiss (Leontopodium Alphinum)

Edelweiss (Leontopodium Alphinum)

The Edelweiss (Leontopodium alphinum) is an endangered plant protected in Croatia and well known for featuring in the world-famous Sound of Music musical. The great thing about these plants is that the petals are white and fluffy, which gives them a soft silhouette.

14. Aquilegia Kitaibelii (Kitajbelov Pakujac) 

Aquilegia Kitaibelii

This is another beautiful flower native to Croatia, which makes it ideal for adding a color pop to any landscape. It produces a beautiful purple flower that’s very popular in this country because it can survive in harsh conditions, which means you can put it in a rockery.

15. Brassica Botteri

Brassica Botteri

This Brassica botteri is a plant that produces beautiful yellow-green flowers that are popular in many Balkan countries and are protected in Croatia. In addition to being a pretty species, this plant has many nutritional and medicinal benefits, which makes it well known globally.

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16. Centaurea Ragusina 

Centaurea Ragusina

The Centaurea ragusina is a true Croatian favorite, as it’s the regional flower of Dubrovnik and the symbol of this city. The cornflower is a plant that produces beautiful yellow flowers, which can grow in coastal environments and thrive when placed in between rocks with access to plenty of sunlight. 

17. Campanula Istriaca (Istrian Bell) 

Campanula Istriaca (Istrian Bell) 

The Campanula istriaca is a bellflower species that can grow in the cloudy and damp climates on the Croatian coastline, symbolizing Istria. This plant is a beautiful addition to many garden bouquets, seen all over Croatia, yet mainly grows naturally in many seaside spots beside the Adriatic Sea.

18. Chrysanthemums 


Chrysanthemums are a popular plant in Croatia. They are often used to brighten up dull outdoor spaces and are beautiful when cut for bouquets. They produce beautiful yellow-gold flowers that can brighten up even the most boring landscapes and make so many people happy globally.

19. Begonia 

Croatian plants

The Begonia is a well-known plant to many Croatians, as it’s a popular indoor plant that produces beautiful flowers. When placed in a pot, it can brighten up any space, and if you take special care of it, you can keep them alive for an extended period.

20. Echinacea Purpurea (Bright Star) 

Echinacea Purpurea (Bright Star) 

The Echinacea purpurea is a popular plant for many gardeners in this country because it’s a beautiful and medicinal herb that can benefit people suffering from the common cold. The great thing about this plant is that it will grow in many different climates and create bright pink petals.

21. Ivy-leaved Cyclamen (Cyclamen Hederifolium)

Ivy-leaved Cyclamen (Cyclamen Hederifolium)

Cyclamen hederifolium is a plant that produces pink flowers and is a popular species of Cyclamen that has been grown in Croatia for a long time. This plant thrives in hardy conditions by the sea, producing flowers in autumn, even in a super unforgiving European climate.

22. Indian Lotus (Nelumbo Nucifera) 

Indian Lotus (Nelumbo Nucifera) 

This Lotus plant is a popular ornamental plant that produces a beautiful flower that is often used for decoration and, in many cases, for medicinal purposes. Lotus plants can grow in many different climates and are a popular addition to many gardens and water features due to their elegant beauty.

23. Velebit Degenia (Velebitska Degenija) 

Velebit Degenia (Velebitska Degenija) 

The Velebit degenia is a species of perennial plant that grows in the Velebit mountain range in Croatia and other countries in Europe. This plant symbolizes Croatia and is also a beautiful addition to many rockeries because it brings sunny yellow warmth to these harsh-looking spaces.

24. Carnation (Dianthus Caryophyllus)

Carnation (Dianthus Caryophyllus)

The Carnation is a popular plant for many who love pretty blossoms, as you can enjoy its beautiful pink flowers in many different bouquets and gardens. Furthermore, this plant is beloved by those who want to show their loved ones affection because it’s commonly sold in many supermarkets across Europe.

25. Posharsky Bellflower (Campanula Poscharskyana)

Campanula Poscharskyana

The Poscharsky bellflower is a blossoming species native to Croatia and is a popular ornamental plant for many Croatians due to its beautiful and unique purple flowers. In addition, this species can survive in harsh environments, so you can place it in a shaded spot, and it’s unlikely to die on you.

26. Geranium (Geranium Sanguineum)

Geranium Sanguineum

This Geranium plant is a popular perennial plant species that produce beautiful flowers in spring-summer. Geraniums are a popular addition to many landscape and are well-known plants to many people across Europe, thanks to their beautiful colored petals.

27. Ruscus Hypoglossum 

Ruscus Hypoglossum 

The Ruscus hypoglossum is a species of shrub, which has shiny pointed foliage, seen in Croatia and many other countries in Europe. This shrub is a popular hedging species, which can create a beautiful exterior design feature in a garden that lacks structure.


Croatia has so many luscious natural species that we love so much! If you’re looking for a plant that produces pretty flowers, we recommend getting yourself a carnation.

This species is renowned for making lovely bouquets, which can be given to show affection. Our personal favorite is the geraniums because they have a long blooming time.

For more content about plants, check out our other articles! We have information aplenty in our archives, waiting for you to read it.